Dr. McGuire with (from left to right) her two dogs Taylor and Lacy, and her 2 grand-dogs Charlie and Roo, out for a hike in the Sandias.
Rattlesnake season is approaching! As the weather warms up and you start to spend more time outside, please remember that rattlesnakes are a threat to you and your dog. Like all cold-blooded animals, rattlesnakes are more active in the hotter seasons. Rattlesnakes like to bask in the sun most days, so you may encounter one when hiking, camping or while on a walk in the Sandias or many other areas in New Mexico. Rattlesnake venom is extremely dangerous to pets, leading to excessive swelling and necrosis (death) of the tissue surrounding the bite wound.
A rattlesnake bite should be treated immediately at an emergency facility. Treatment may include hospitalization, and your pet would receive intravenous fluids and close monitoring. Depending on the severity and location of the bite, antivenom medication may be necessary as well. Remember, not treating your pet could lead to death. Continue Reading
The wisteria bushes are budding, the grass is starting to grow and the flowering plum and crabapple trees have turned our neighborhood into a colorful landscape. Many of our friends and neighbors are out and about, enjoying the recent warm days after a chilly winter.
We are blessed to live in a neighborhood that offers great walking routes and several parks for rambling. The nearby Sandia Mountains and numerous open spaces make our city ideal for heading outdoors with your canine friends. We have a few tips to help make your outings fun for everyone. Continue Reading
Our team wishes you and your family a safe and joy-filled Easter. It is important to keep in mind, though, that Easter represents a number of potential dangers to pets.
Easter lilies are highly toxic to cats. All parts of the plant are poisonous, and even a small amount can result in fatal kidney failure. Symptoms of lily poisoning develop in six to 12 hours after ingestion and increase in severity as time goes on. If you suspect your cat may have been exposed to Easter lilies, please call your veterinarian. Speedy treatment is crucial. If you witnessed exposure, your should bring your cat to the vet even if your cat is not showing symptoms. Continue Reading
Roses are red, violets are blue, your pet has allergies……AAAAHHHHCHHHOOO!!!
Many of us suffer from seasonal allergies, but did you know that your pets can also suffer from them??
Cats can also suffer from seasonal allergies
You may already expect coughing, sneezing and runny eyes, but pets can react with their skin too! Skin can become inflamed and the itching and scratching cycle begins. Ear canals, which are just a tube of skin, become a prime place for infections to develop if that skin becomes inflamed.
The reason behind this question frequently asked of our clients is to give us a better idea of health issues that might need to be addressed at their cat’s yearly visit. Both options have very distinct advantages and disadvantages associated with them. Outdoor cats are more prone to coming into contact with other cats who could be carrying diseases such as Felv and FIV. Other hazards such as loose dogs, fights with other cats and vehicular encounters are the reality for the outdoor cat. On the upside these cats are usually much more physically fit due to their hunting and greater over all physical activity. While our recommendation is to keep cats indoors to insure that they stay safe and potentially live a longer life, there is a much larger prevalence of behavioral problems and obesity and its associated problems in this population. So what is a cat owner to do to keep their cat not only safe, but happy and healthy?
A 2007 article in the Smithsonian attributed the domestication process of cats to having started around 12,000 years ago and it is thought that they domesticated themselves. “Cats were delighted by the abundance of prey in the storehouses; people were delighted by the pest control. We think what happened is that the cats sort of domesticated themselves,” Carlos Driscoll, one of the study’s authors, told the Washington Post. “The cats invited themselves in and over time, as people favored cats with more docile traits, certain cats adapted to this new environment producing the dozens of breeds of house cats known today. In the United States cats are the most popular house pet with 90 million domesticated cats slinking around 34 percent of U.S. homes”. *
With this origin, it is easy to see why a cat’s natural tendency is to want to be outdoors hunting. Overcoming this tendency can be not only complex but frustrating for cat owners. This is where environmental enrichment can play an important role for indoor cats and their owners.
Climbing and jumping are great activities for all cats to help keep them physically and mentally active and healthy.
One of the most common ways to enrich your cat’s life is to provide them with outlets for their natural need to hunt and explore. Providing climbing ramps and perches along ceilings, walls and over doors allows them to explore, lounge at higher elevations and observe their environment from above. Wall mounted cat perches are also a great space saving idea for smaller homes and apartments where you don’t want to take up valuable floor space.
This Aztec client used $5 wooden crates from Home Depot, cut holes in the ends, added pieces of carpet and mounted them on their sides on the wall.
For many indoor cats, this is often enough to keep them physically fit. It also provides cats in multi-cat households the ability to have their own space away from other cats that they might not interact well with. These walkways and “observation” decks can be as elaborate as you wish using any combination of commercial cat tree perches, boxes and shelves. These structures can also be extended to the outdoors in many forms of enclosures. Some are free standing in nature and can be easily transported if you travel with your cat.
Many full time RV travelers often use some form of outdoor enclosure system for their cats while traveling and staying in campgrounds.
Others are more permanent free standing structures either built from scratch using lumber or a pre-made dog run as its foundation. The most popular are those that create an extension of the indoor environment to include elements of the outdoors, such as smells, sounds and fresh air. One easy approach is to enclose an existing 3 sided outdoor patio with mesh to keep cats safely contained while allowing them many of the attributes of being outside.
This enclosure, built by another Aztec client, enables them to enjoy some outdoor time with their cats. A built in dog/cat door in the wall enables them to come and go as they please.
Built in perches enable the cats to observe the outdoor in a comfortable place “above” the bustle of the world. The addition of a bird feeding station safely outside the enclosure can also provide much enjoyed visual stimulation for your cats.
Suggested resources for more information on making your own catio cat enclosure or other indoor climbing walls for your cat:
Read on for some tips to help keep this holiday season safe for your pets!
It’s time to hang out the tinsel, but if you aren’t careful, that shiny decoration just may make it time to hang out in the veterinary emergency room!
Pretty Ribbons and Shiny Tinsel
Cats can’t resist shiny, silver tinsel and pretty ribbons hanging from a Christmas tree, and while these decorations aren’t toxic, they can cause serious injury to a pet if they are consumed.
Pets that have ingested tinsel or ribbon may show symptoms that include:
As tinsel and ribbon try to pass through the body, the strands can twist, bunch up, and cut through the intestinal wall. The recovery prognosis from this type of injury is poor. Cat owners may want to consider replacing tinsel and ribbons with another type of decoration.
If they can reach them, pets can chew and swallow ornaments which may create choking hazards. Depending on what it is made of, broken pieces can lacerate a pet’s mouth, throat, and intestines.
Pets that have ingested ornamental holiday decorations may show signs of:
Decorative lights pose a danger, especially to animals that like to chew. Remember that cords should be checked for signs of frayed or chewed wires, and always should be used with a grounded three-prong extension cord as a safety precaution.
An animal that bites down on a string of holiday lights or on an extension cord can receive an electric shock and may show signs of:
Abnormal heart rhythm
Loss of consciousness
Any animal that is injured by an electrical shock should be taken to a veterinarian immediately.
Five Toxic Holiday Plants
Plants are often used to adorn a home during the holidays, but decorating with the wrong plants can turn disastrous, and pet owners need to have knowledge of these dangers. The following five plants pose the biggest threat to an animal’s well-being.
1. Poinsettias have long been thought to be extremely toxic to animals, but in truth they are not very dangerous. Signs an animal has ingested poinsettias are:
Irritation of mouth
Irritation of stomach
2. Holly berries and their leaves can poison an animal. When ingested, an animal will show signs of:
3. Mistletoe is extremely toxic. An animal that ingests any part of this plant should be taken to a veterinarian immediately. Symptoms include:
Mistletoe is extremely toxic
4. Lilies are deadly to cats.
The ingestion of one leaf of a lily can cause kidney failure and death.
Clinical Signs of Toxicity: Vomiting, inappetence, lethargy, kidney failure, and death is possible. Cats are only species known to be affected.
5. Pine tree needles can be toxic and cause the following symptoms:
Live trees also pose an additional problem to animals. Often the water is given an additive to keep the tree looking fresh for a longer period of time, and this additive may have a chemical that is poisonous to animals. Remember to keep your pets from drinking this water.
These preventative measures can help protect your pets during this holiday season. For more helpful tips on keeping your pets safe this holiday season check out this helpful infographic.
Today, she weighs 1.18 lbs and is becoming quite full of herself!
The world of veterinary medicine is always interesting and ever-changing. It’s not all puppies and kittens but, sometimes we do get the chance to completely change the life of a young patient.
One example is Pinky, the micro-Chihuahua who had been losing weight, becoming progressively weak, and had developed seizures for 2 days prior to presentation at the clinic. She was severely hypoglycemic, which means her blood sugar was extremely low. Small breed puppies are at high risk for developing hypoglycemia and should be fed small meals multiple times per day to avoid this. Signs of hypoglycemia include trembling, lethargy, weakness, drooling and seizures. She weighed 330 grams (0.72 lb) on the day she arrived at the clinic. Dr. Silvia Rodriguez took this little one under her wing and nursed her back to health over several days, even taking her home for a weekend of intensive fluid therapy and care. We weren’t certain this tiny little girl was going to make it, but she is tougher than she looks and has bounced back with a vengeance!
She is loving her dry puppy kibble (the tiniest kibble that could be found!).
Pinky has met the other pets in the clinic, and even enjoyed a little backpack ride onboard Rupert with her friend Gage.
DECEMBER 2 UPDATE ON PINKY:
Pinky continues to thrive and now, 5 weeks later, is a happy healthy youngster weighing in at 1# 13 oz. Her hair coat has all grown in and is as black as coal and soft as satin. She has developed quite the personality and is spoiled beyond belief by her family. A happy ending for a very lucky puppy.